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Livestream with Dr. Eric Ledbetter on June 4, 2024, 6-9 PM
On-demand viewing from June 5 through July 31

Dr. Ledbetter is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists and the James Law Professor of Ophthalmology at the CornellUniversity College of Veterinary Medicine. After graduating from the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine, he completed a small animal medicine and surgery internship at Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine and a comparative ophthalmology residency at Cornell University, where he joined the faculty in 2006.

Dr. Ledbetter’s research interests include in vivo ocular imaging techniques, ocular infectious disease, and corneal disease. In addition to research and teaching endeavors, Dr. Ledbetter provides clinical ophthalmology services within Cornell University’s Companion Animal and Equine & Farm Animal Hospitals.

1. A Color-Coded Approach to Recognizing Corneal Pathologies
Corneal clarity is required for normal vision and corneal pathology predictably results in a loss of transparency. The specific corneal color change associated with the reduced transparency of the diseased cornea is often indicative of the underlying pathologic response, can assist in determining the etiology of the corneal lesion, and contributes to the development of a treatment plan. Basic corneal pathologic responses and their clinical appearance will be reviewed.

Learning Objectives:
1) To understand the basic pathologic responses of the cornea and the associated color change clinically observed with each
2) To be familiar with the potential etiologies of each discussed clinical corneal color change

2. Clinical Management of Canine and Feline Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is among the most frequent ocular diseases for which companion animals are presented to veterinarians for medical evaluation. The clinical signs of conjunctivitis and basic clinical approach to dogs and cats with conjunctivitis will be reviewed. Clinically relevant etiologies of conjunctivitis in companion animals will be discussed with their appropriate therapeutic management. The primary etiologies of conjunctivitis will be emphasized, including allergic, frictional irritant, immune-mediated, infectious, and traumatic conditions.

Learning Objectives:
1) To understand the different clinical signs associated with conjunctivitis and basic clinical approach to dogs and cats with conjunctivitis
2) To be familiar with the etiologies of conjunctivitis in companion animals, including their appropriate therapeutic management

3. Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Endocrine, Metabolic, Hematologic Disorders in Dogs and Cats
The ocular examination is a valuable diagnostic tool for a wide-range of systemic disorders and is frequently underused by clinicians for this purpose. Ocular lesions are commonly observed with a variety of systemic diseases. Common and clinically-important ocular lesions associate with systemic endocrine, metabolic, and hematologic disorders will be discussed.

Learning Objectives:
1) To understand the different ocular manifestations associated with the following clinicopathologic abnormalities: hyperglycemia, hypocalcemia, hyperlipidemia, and hyperbilirubinemia.
2) To be familiar with systemic vascular disorders that can produce ocular manifestation.
3) To discuss the major infectious diseases associated with ocular manifestations in dogs and cats, including basic pathophysiology and clinical ocular lesions.


Livestream with Dr. Greg Lisciandro on July 15,  6-9 PM
On-Demand viewing from July 16 through August 30

Dr. Gregory Lisciandro, Dipl. ABVP, Dipl. ACVECC, received his DVM, Cornell College of Veterinary Medicine, completed an internship, The Animal Medical Center, New York City, and an emergency and critical care residency, Emergency Pet Center, San Antonio, Texas. He developed and published the clinical utility of AFAST®, its target-organ approach and its fluid scoring system, TFAST®, and Vet BLUE® (veterinary brief lung ultrasound exam), the first veterinary proactive lung ultrasound format. He advocates their use combined as our 3rd standardized veterinary ultrasound format named Global FAST® while authoring over 20 peer- review related clinical studies. He has served as an ACVECC At-large Regent, and a member of the ACVECC Education Guidelines, Student Certification, and Scientific Committees. He is founder and past president of the International Veterinary Point-of-care Ultrasound Society and is currently serving as their Executive Director ( He has been practicing for over 30-years with about half in general practice and half in emergency and critical care, most recently as Chief of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care, Emergency Pet Center. Currently, he is a consultant for Hill Country Veterinary Specialists and CEO of, specializing in Global FAST® and point-of-care ultrasound training. He is editor and chapter author of the textbook Focused Ultrasound Techniques for the Small Animal Practitioner, Wiley ©2014 translated in 6 languages - English, Spanish, Greek, Japanese, Chinese and Polish and its 2nd Edition, Point-of-care Ultrasound Techniques for the Small Animal Practitioner, Wiley ©2021. He has lectured and directed Global FAST® scanning workshops around the world and continues to lead in publishing clinically relevant, point-of-care and FAST ultrasound research. Most recently, Dr. Lisciandro was given the prestigious 2023 Bourgelat Award by the British Small Animal Veterinary Association for outstanding international contributions for the advancement of veterinary medicine.

The Day I Didn't Use Ultrasound - What Did I Miss? - The Power of Global FAST® Ultrasound

Global FAST® is our new core skill for veterinary medicine. It is everyday ultrasound for almost all patients and moreover, our best first line imaging screening test for most of our patients. Global FAST® is the combination of AFAST®, abdomen, TFAST®, thorax including heart and pleural space, and Vet BLUE®, lung as a single ultrasound examination. Its formats are achievable for non-imaging specialists with minimal ultrasound training. Global FAST® is used as "an extension of the physical exam" often detecting conditions missed on physical exam, first line blood and urine testing, and radiography. By using this point-of-care ultrasound examination and "seeing" your problem list, diagnostic plans are more streamlined, and therapy is more accurate. Global FAST® also avoids imaging interpretation errors such as "confirmation bias error" and "satisfaction of search error" by providing an unbiased data imaging set of its 15 views. Patients are not shaved, and are placed in standing or right lateral positioning, with a goal of completing the Global FAST® examination in less than 8 minutes, using a single microconvex probe on the abdominal preset. Global FAST® is a game changer!

Hour 1 - Introduction to AFAST® and Its Target-organ Approach and Abdominal Fluid Scoring System
• Understand the 5 views of AFAST® and its target-organ approach for soft tissue abnormalities
• Understand the simplicity but power of the AFAST®- applied abdominal fluid scoring system and how it is used for patient management
• Understand the advantages and limitations of AFAST® when compared to radiography

Hour 2 - Introduction to TFAST® and Its Fundamental Echocardiography
• Understand the 5 views of TFAST® and their strengths for pericardial and pleural effusion, pneumothorax, and fundamental echocardiography
• Know the TFAST® tenets or rules for the accurate diagnosis of pericardial effusion and pleural effusion
• Understand the TFAST® fundamental echocardiography views from the left and right sides
• Understand the advantages and limitations of TFAST® when compared to radiography

Hour 3 - Introduction to Vet BLUE® and Its Wet versus Dry Lung Principles and Its Signs of Consolidation
• Understand the evolution of lung ultrasound in human and veterinary medicine
• Understand how to perform and interpret Vet BLUE® and its unique regional pattern-based approach
• Understand Vet BLUE®'s Wet versus Dry Lung and how used for a working diagnosis
• Understand Vet BLUE®'s signs of consolidation - Shred, Tissue, Nodule, and Wedge Sign
• Understand the advantages and limitations of Vet BLUE® when compared to radiography

Registration Fees - Each Program

VVMA Members $150.00
Lifetime VVMA Members, VVMA Recent Grads $135.00
Non-Veterinarians (use discount code 'Non-veterinarian') $135.00
Non-Member Veterinarians $195.00
Retired VVMA Members (use discount code 'Retired') $135.00

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email which will contain links to the recordings and speaker notes.

 Call VVMA Executive Director Linda Waite-Simpson at 802-878-6888 or email